Sunday, November 9, 2014

The Town Mouse and the Country Mouse - Grammar



C. Grammar
  1. Read the following sentences  and notice the underlined words.
It’s always quiet in the country. Sometimes it is quieter than today. My grandfather says that our village is the quietest among all the villages in our district.

The underlined words are adjectives.  But they are in different degrees of comparison.  The first one is in positive degree.  The second and the third are in comparative and superlative degrees respectively.

Positive Degree          Comparative Degree                         Superlative Degree 
       quiet                              quieter                                                  quietest

Here is a list of adjectives. Write the other degrees of them.  The first one is  done for you. (Use a dictionary and check your work.)

Note: Usually short words take ‘er’  and ‘est’ as suffixes to form other degrees.

Positive Degree                    Comparative Degree                         Superlative Degree
dark                                       darker                                                   darkest
small                                      _______________                        ________________
rich                                         _______________                        ________________
safe                                       _______________                        ________________
clever                                    _______________                        ________________
tall                                          _______________                        ________________
bright                                    _______________                        ________________

Note: Words with two or more than two syllables take  ‘more’ and ‘most’ respectively in comparative degree and superlative degree.

Positive Degree                       Comparative Degree                         Superlative Degree
useful                                   more useful                                       most useful
beautiful                              _______________                        ________________
interested                           _______________                        ________________
doubtful                              _______________                        ________________
precious                               _______________                        ________________
delicious                              _______________                        ________________
dreadful                               _______________                        ________________
cheerful                               _______________                        ________________

Note: Unlike the above some words change completely in other degrees.

Positive Degree                    Comparative Degree                         Superlative Degree
much                                     more                                                     most
good                                      _______________                        ________________
bad                                        _______________                        ________________
far                                          _______________                        ________________

  1. Read the following sentence from your lesson and notice the underlined word.
May I stay with you?

The underlined word ‘may’ is a helping verb. It is used to take or give permission in a formal way.
But ‘can’ is used to take  or give permission in an informal way.
* Can I  leave this place? ( Taking permission)
* You can  go now.  ( Giving permission)
‘May’  has another use also. It is used to express possibility.
e.g.  It may rain today.

1. Read the following sentences and say what they mean. Choose the right answer from the choices given.

  1. May I come in, Sir?                                         (           )
(a) giving  permission
(b) taking permission
(c) expressing possibility

  1. Sindhu may come to India next month.          (           )
(a) giving  permission
(b) taking permission
(c) expressing possibility

  1. You may use my cell phone if you need.        (           )
(a) giving  permission
(b) taking permission
(c) expressing possibility

  1. Can I take leave of you?                                 (           )
(a) taking permission in a formal way
(b) taking permission in an informal way
(c) expressing possibility

  1. The dog may attack you if you run.                (           )
(a) giving  permission
(b) taking permission
(c) expressing possibility

2. Rewrite the following sentences as directed.
1. The boy seems to cry if you do not buy an ice-cream for him. (Express this using ‘may’.)
Answer: The boy may cry if you do not buy an ice-cream for him.
2. You can use my camera if you need. (Give permission using ‘may’.)
A: _______________________________________________________
3. He seems to be a nice man.  (Express this possibility using ‘may’.)
A: _______________________________________________________
4. You want to leave the class now. (Take permission using ‘may’.)
A: _______________________________________________________
5. Raju wants to use your water bottle. (Give permission using ‘may’.)
A: You  ____________________________________________________

  1. Read the following sentence from your lesson.
I wish there was an air-conditioned coach.
The above sentence expresses unreal past.
We use “ wish + subject + past tense” to express unreal past. This sentence means…. I am sorry there is no air- conditioned coach.

Now express the wishes of the people mentioned below using unreal past (wish + subject + past tense). The first one is done for you.
  1. Sindhu has  missed her school bus. She has to go to school urgently. She wishes to have a car. How would Sindhu express her wish?
A:    I wish I had a car.
  1. Anita wants to abolish the system of exams. She wishes to be the Prime Minister.
How would Anita express her wish?
A:    _______________________________________________________
  1. Srinu’s  father has a car. He wishes to drive that car.  But he doesn’t know how to drive a car. How would Srinu express his wish?
A:    ______________________________________________________
  1. Sharmila wants to play tennis. But she doesn’t have a tennis racket. How would Sharmila express her wish?
A:    ______________________________________________________
  1. Mahendra wants to get first rank in the class. But he can’t. How would Mahendra express his wish?
 A:   ______________________________________________________

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