I. Fill in the blanks with suitable words given below.
covered imagination jester pleased penalty
- Birbal was a ————————— in the court of Akbar.
- The teacher was —————————with the nice work done by his pupils.
- Sarada paid a —————— for not paying the fees on time.
- When I visited Kashmir, the mountains were ——————with snow.
- You should use your ————————— when you look at a painting.
II. Phrasal verbs
A phrasal verb is a phrase which consists of a verb and a preposition or an adverb or both, the meaning of which is different from the meaning of its separate parts.
You have really caught him out, Sir.
Perhaps his painting is so good that he can’t bear to part with it.
The words in bold are phrasal words. The phrase ‘caught out’ means ‘showed that somebody does not know much.’ The phrase ‘part with’ means ‘to give something to somebody else, especially something that you would prefer to keep.’
- Consult a dictionary and list other phrasal verbs beginning with ‘catch’ and ‘part’. Write some sentences of your own for each phrasal verb.
- Read the following passages, circle the phrasal verbs, and guess their meanings.You may choose the meanings from the list given in the box. Write the phrasal verbs and their meanings in your notebook. Write one sentence of your own for each phrasal verb.
managing, investigating, compensated for, avoid or escape,
taking care of, notice someone, succeed.
- Ramana Rao’s house was robbed of. Venkateswara Rao, the inspector of police who was looking into the case released the picture of the suspect and asked the people to look out for him. In a press release, he said that he had some clues and that the robber couldnot get out of the case.
- Bhanu joined a new company. In the beginning, she had problems with her manager. But now she is getting on with her new boss very well. Initially, she had problems with her paying-guest accommodation too. But the superb food her host served made up for the uncomfortable room. Now the problem is with looking after the host’s children. They are like little devils. God only knows how she would get through this.
Read the following sentence from the play:
It’s only fair that if he doesn’t make good his boast…
The underlined phrase is an idiom. What is an idiom? An idiom is a phrase similar to the phrasal verbs you have just learnt. It is difficult to guess the meaning of an idiom by looking at the individual words. Here ‘make good’ means ‘to carry out a promise’. Some other idioms that begin with make are: make merry, make do, make it, make the most of something, make something of yourself, and make like.
Look up these idioms in a dictionary and find out what they mean.
Here are some more idioms. Guess their meanings and use them in your own sentences:
- once in a blue moon
- bury the hatchet
- to make both ends meet
- to burn the midnight oil