Friday, November 14, 2014

Tenali Paints a Horse - Grammar

C. Grammar
I. Short forms

You have already learnt that an apostrophe shows that something belongs to someone or something before it. It has another use. When one or more letters are omitted in a phrase, an apostrophe is put where they have been left out; thus making it a short form of the original word.  Short forms are used when we write a conversation, as it was done in the play you read.  However, when these elements are used as main verbs, (Kamala is a lawyer) or used for emphasis (I will do it.), they are not contracted.

Full form                     Short form
Full form                     Short form
can not           -           can’t
we have          -           we’ve
I am                 -           I’m
will not           -           won’t
I  would          -           I’d
you will           -           you’ll

  1. Pick out some short forms( contracted forms) used in the play and write their full forms in your notebook as shown above.
  2. Read the conversation between Sarada and Usha  and rewrite it in your notebook using the short forms.
What are you going to do after school?
I will go home and take rest for an hour.
Then, when will you cook supper for your children?
I need not cook today.  I have made some Pulihora in the morning. We will eat it for supper too.
Forgot to tell you this.  I planned a quiz for 6th class children.  Are you coming tomorrow?
I will not. I am taking leave for two days.
Why? Are you going somewhere?
I would love to do that.  But my mother-in-law is visiting us tomorrow.
Then you will have a hard time, I suppose.
I do not think so.

II  Adverbs of manner
Adjectives describe nouns.  Eg. Mani is a safe   driver.

Adverbs describe verbs.    Eg. Mani drives   safely.

We can make adverbs from adjectives by adding –ly as shown below:
Adjective + ly = adverb
safe + ly = safely
eager + ly = eagerly

However, you should remember that all adverbs are not formed in the same way.
For example you can’t add –ly to the following adjectives to make adverbs: good, fast.

Adverbs of manner tell us the manner in which something happens.  They are usually placed after the main verb or after the object.
Look at the following sentences from the play you have read

  1. The courtiers are waiting eagerly for Tenali to bring in his painting.
  2. Tenali looks at the giggling courtiers angrily and walks out.
In the first sentence the adverb ‘eagerly’ comes after the main verb ‘waiting’.
In the second sentence the adverb ‘angrily’ comes after the object ‘courtiers’.

Complete the following sentences with the correct form of the words in brackets. Tick ( ) the sentences where the adverb of manner is put after the object and put a cross(x) against the sentences where the adverb of manner is put immediately after the main verb.

  1. Sriram speaks ______ English.  He speaks English ______. (correct)
  2. Saleem is a ______ tailor. He makes dresses __________. (careless)
  3. You always speak  _________ .  Please speak _______. (loud, quiet)
  4. Be _______ and do your homework __________. ( careful, correct)
  5. Nandu is a _______ reader.  He reads books very _________. (slow)
  6. Please be _______  or do your work ________. I want to sleep. (quiet)
  7. My mother shouted _________ when I showed my progress card.(loud)
  8. Please listen ________ .(careful)
  9. P.T.Usha is a ________ runner.  She runs very _______. (fast)
  10. Raghavathi is a _________  teacher.  She teaches very ______. (good, well)

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