Sunday, November 9, 2014

C.V. Raman, the Pride of India - Vocabulary

B. Vocabulary
I. The following sentences are from your lesson.  Read them carefully and tick ( ) the correct meaning of the underlined word.

  1. His parents were keen to send him abroad for higher studies.
(a)    particular (b) eager (c) worried
  1. The world hailed the discovery as the ‘Raman Effect’.
(a)    admired (b) called (c) thought
  1. In his youth Raman was mainly interested in acoustics.
(a)    primarily (b) simply (c) certainly
  1. The British made Raman a knight of the British Empire.
(a)    appointed (b) managed (c) placed
  1. Raman passed away on November 21, 1970.
(a)    was killed (b) died (c) left

II. Read the following sentence.
Raman was equally delighted.
The underlined word ‘delighted’ is a verb and has been used to express a feeling of joy or happiness. Its noun form is ‘delight.’  Now look at the following verbs and write their corresponding noun  forms.

S.No.             Verb                      Noun and  the feeling expressed
  1. enjoyed                               enjoyment
  2. surprised                             ____________________________
  3. disappointed                     ____________________________
  4. worried                                ____________________________
  5. satisfied                               ____________________________
Now  fill  in  the blanks with suitable noun  forms of  the underlined words  in each sentence.
  1. He was  shocked  to  see  a  snake  in  his  room  but  he  recovered  from  his _________________ in no time.
  2. He pretended to look relieved but, in fact, he did not have any ____________ .
  3. I can understand your ___________.  But do not be so excited that you have health problems.
  4. Raju, an auto driver, was very honest. His  ___________________  was known to everybody when he returned  the bag of jewellery a passenger had left in his auto.

III. (1)  Read the following sentence and notice the underlined part.
Raman stayed in the country to do the M.A. course.
The underlined  letters in capitals denote an abbreviation.  The full form of this abbreviation is ‘Master of Arts’.
Here is a list of some common abbreviations. Write their full forms.
Abbreviation                 Full form
B.A.                        ___________________________________
A.D.                       ___________________________________
B.C.                        ___________________________________
C.M.                      ___________________________________
C.D.                        ___________________________________
D.V.D.                   ___________________________________
a.m.                       ___________________________________
p.m.                       ___________________________________

(2) Read the following sentence and notice the underlined word.
He used to spend his hours after office in the lab.
The underlined word “lab is the short form of laboratory.”

Look at the following list of short forms and write their full forms.  The first  one is done for you. (Use a dictionary)

Short form of the word        Full form of the word
plane                                       aero plane
kilo                         ____________________________
para                       ____________________________
specs                     ____________________________
photo                    ____________________________
bike                       ____________________________
mike                      ____________________________

IV. In paragraph 4 you have learnt that ‘optics’ is the study of light. Do you know the word for the study of living beings? It is ‘biology’. It comes from ‘bio’ (means ‘life’) +  logus’ / ‘ology’ (means ‘study or science’). So the suffix ‘-logy’ adds the meaning ‘the study of’.

Guess the meaning of the words under Column  A and match them with the phrases under Column B.
Match the following sciences with their corresponding objects of study.
       A                                                                      B
  1. Archaeology       (              )              (a) the study of the mind
  2. Physiology         (              )              (b) the study of animals
  3. Psychology         (              )              (c) the study of earth
  4. Geology              (              )              (d) the study of the cultures of the past
  5. Zoology              (              )              (e) the study of the bodies of living things.

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