Sunday, November 9, 2014

C.V. Raman, the Pride of India - Grammar



C. Grammar
I. Read the following sentences from your lesson and observe how the underlined words are used before the names of dates, the names of years and the names of places.
  1. Raman was born on November 7, 1888. (Para 6)
  2. Raman passed away in 1970 on November 21. (Para 11)
  3. Raman did his M.A. course at Presidency College in Madras. (Para 6)
  4. In December,  on a fine evening in 1927, there was much excitement. (Para 1)
Now fill in the blanks with ‘in’, ‘on’ and ‘at’.
Sarathchandra and Keerthana are brother and sister. Sarathchandra was born ________ 25th April _______ 2000. Keerthana was born _________ December 2, 2001. They arewith their parents. They live ______ Kondamudusupalem, a small village _______ Prakasam District. They play games ________ school. It is usually very hot _________ May _______ their village. So they  spend their summer __________ Hyderabad _______ their uncle’s house. Mr. Srisailam  is their uncle. He resides  _______ High Court Colony ________ Hyderabad with his wife, Jagadeeswari and his daughter, Vishnu Priya.

Note: ‘on’, ‘in’ and ‘at’ are prepositions of time and place. In sentence 1 & 2  ‘on’ is used before the name of a date. In sentence 2, 3 & 4 ‘in’ is used before the name of a year (in 1970), before the name of a big city (in Madras) and before the name of a month (In December). In sentence 3 ‘at’ is used before the name of a small place / area.

II. Revision of  ‘Articles’.
  1. a’ is used before singular common nouns /in noun phrases beginning with consonant sounds.
  2. an’ is used before singular common nouns / in noun phrases  beginning with vowel sounds.
  3. the’ is used
    1. before words / phrases that indicate unique things (“It was the headquarters of the Indian Association …’   )
    2. in situations where the sentence itself contains a clue to identity of the thing or the person referred to ( e.g. His advice to young scientists was also to look at the world around them)
    3. in social situations where the identity of the person / object  is identifiable (“But … look here, Krishnan,” he said turning to the young man …”).
    4. before the names of ‘musical instruments (“ He studied how stringed instruments like the violin ...”)
  1. List 20 phrases from the text that begin with ‘a’/ ‘an’ or ‘the’. Then put 1,2, 3(a), 3(b), 3(c), or 3(d) against them depending on how ‘a’/ ‘an’ or ‘the’ is used. One is done for you.  ---  an old building – 2
Now fill in the blanks with ‘a’, ‘an’ or ‘the’.
  1. In 1987 M.S. Swaminathan was awarded _______ Ramon Magsaysay Award.
  2. We dined yesterday at ________ Maurya Sherton hotel.
  3. Tejaswini lent me _________ interesting book.
  4. My father is _____________ school teacher.
  5. M.S.Swaminathan worked at ________ Indian Agricultural Research Institute.
  6. Rekha bought _______ long notebook yesterday.
  7. Sravani is eating ___________  mango now.
  8. Ganesh  always carries ________ umbrella with him.
  9. Rambabu is _______ English teacher in a high school.
  10. Manjula and Sruthi play_______ guitar well.

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