I. Read the following sentences from your lesson and observe how the underlined words are used before the names of dates, the names of years and the names of places.
- Raman was born on November 7, 1888. (Para 6)
- Raman passed away in 1970 on November 21. (Para 11)
- Raman did his M.A. course at Presidency College in Madras. (Para 6)
- In December, on a fine evening in 1927, there was much excitement. (Para 1)
Now fill in the blanks with ‘in’, ‘on’ and ‘at’.
Sarathchandra and Keerthana are brother and sister. Sarathchandra was born ________ 25th April _______ 2000. Keerthana was born _________ December 2, 2001. They arewith their parents. They live ______ Kondamudusupalem, a small village _______ Prakasam District. They play games ________ school. It is usually very hot _________ May _______ their village. So they spend their summer __________ Hyderabad _______ their uncle’s house. Mr. Srisailam is their uncle. He resides _______ High Court Colony ________ Hyderabad with his wife, Jagadeeswari and his daughter, Vishnu Priya.
Note: ‘on’, ‘in’ and ‘at’ are prepositions of time and place. In sentence 1 & 2 ‘on’ is used before the name of a date. In sentence 2, 3 & 4 ‘in’ is used before the name of a year (in 1970), before the name of a big city (in Madras) and before the name of a month (In December). In sentence 3 ‘at’ is used before the name of a small place / area.
II. Revision of ‘Articles’.
- ‘a’ is used before singular common nouns /in noun phrases beginning with consonant sounds.
- ‘an’ is used before singular common nouns / in noun phrases beginning with vowel sounds.
- ‘the’ is used
- before words / phrases that indicate unique things (“It was the headquarters of the Indian Association …’ )
- in situations where the sentence itself contains a clue to identity of the thing or the person referred to ( e.g. His advice to young scientists was also to look at the world around them)
- in social situations where the identity of the person / object is identifiable (“But … look here, Krishnan,” he said turning to the young man …”).
- before the names of ‘musical instruments (“ He studied how stringed instruments like the violin ...”)
- List 20 phrases from the text that begin with ‘a’/ ‘an’ or ‘the’. Then put 1,2, 3(a), 3(b), 3(c), or 3(d) against them depending on how ‘a’/ ‘an’ or ‘the’ is used. One is done for you. --- an old building – 2
Now fill in the blanks with ‘a’, ‘an’ or ‘the’.
- In 1987 M.S. Swaminathan was awarded _______ Ramon Magsaysay Award.
- We dined yesterday at ________ Maurya Sherton hotel.
- Tejaswini lent me _________ interesting book.
- My father is _____________ school teacher.
- M.S.Swaminathan worked at ________ Indian Agricultural Research Institute.
- Rekha bought _______ long notebook yesterday.
- Sravani is eating ___________ mango now.
- Ganesh always carries ________ umbrella with him.
- Rambabu is _______ English teacher in a high school.
- Manjula and Sruthi play_______ guitar well.