Wednesday, July 23, 2014

The Story of Ikat - Grammar

Read the following pair of sentences taken from the narrative “The Story of Ikat”.
1. Ramya asked, “Are these fabrics from Indonesia?”
2. The teacher said, “What can be the origin of the word?”
a. Who are the speakers?
b. What are the exact words spoken by them?
c. If you want to report the above sentences, how would you do?

Let’s analyse the sentences 1 and 2.
The first part of the sentence ‘Ramya aksed’ has a subject ‘Ramya’ and a verb ‘asked’.
This clause is  called the reporting clause. The verb is called reporting verb.
The part within the quotation marks is called reported clause, which gives the exact words spoken by the speaker.

Let’s look at the answer to the question ‘C’.
1. Ramya asked if / whether those fabrics were from Indonesia.
2. The teacher asked what the origin of the word could be.

Let’s look at the changes that have taken place.
You will find the following changes.
a. Change of the pronoun (these - those)
b. Change of the verb  in the reported clause (are - were)
c. Change of question to a statement by adding if / whether
All the above changes are made when the reporting verb is in Past tense.

I. Report  the  following  conversation.
Ramya visits a weaver at Pochampally. She asks him a few questions.
Ramya                  : Uncle, What are you doing?
Weaver                : I’m making a sari. Do you like it?
Ramya                  : Oh! Yes. What is the price?
Weaver                : Five hundred rupees. Do you want to buy it?
Ramya                  : Oh! Yes. Can you pack it for me?
Weaver                : Sure, Here you are.
Before change the conversation study Rules and Tables and understand how to change the speech.
To find the Solution Click here

Look at the following changes while reporting.

Present Tense
Present simple - Past simple
Present continuous - Past continuous
Present perfect - Past perfect
Past Tense
Simple past - Past perfect
Past continuous - Past perfect continuous
Past perfect - Past perfect
can - could
may - might
will - would
must - had to
I - she/he
We - they
You - I/she/he/they/we

Washing hands helps prevent the spread of germs, and should be done frequently.
  • Before you eat.
  • Before and after you help a sick person.
  • Before you care for a wound or cut, and again after.
  • After you use the toilet.
  • After you cough, sneeze or blow your nose.
  • After you handle animal waste or an animal or pet treats / food.

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