The devices which can be used to recognize or identify the literary text are called literary devices. Literary devices are useful to interpret or analyse the literary texts.
Tone : The implied attitude towards the subject of the poem. Is it hopeful, pessimistic, dreary, worried?
A poet conveys tone by combining all of the elements listed above to create a precise impression on the reader.
Genre : A category used to classify literary works, usually by form, technique or content (e.g., prose, poetry).
Satire : A literary tone used to ridicule or make fun of human vice or weakness.
Point of View - pertains to who tells the story and how it is told. The point of view of a story can sometimes indirectly establish the author’s intentions.
Metaphor vs. Simile : A metaphor is direct relationship where one thing is another (e.g. “Juliet is the sun”). A simile, on the other hand, is indirect and usually only likened to be similar to something else. Similes usually use “like” or “as” (e.g. “Your eyes are like the ocean”).