Simile, Metaphor and personification
Observe the following sentences.
- Here and there over the grass stood beautiful flowers like stars.
In this sentence “flowers are compared to stars” such a comparison using ‘like’ and ‘as’ is called ‘simile’.
e.g : a. He roared like a lion.
b. Her face is as white as snow.
- Life is a journey. Enjoy the ride.
In the above sentence the word ‘journey’ is used to describe/compare the word ‘life’. Such words are called ‘metaphor’. They are used to show that two things have same qualities. They make the description more powerful.
e.g : a. Rudramadevi was a lioness in battle.
b. Her home was a prison.
- Spring has forgotten his garden.
Here, though ‘spring’ is a season, it is represented as a human being and given the qualities of forgetting etc. Such usage in literature is called ‘personification’.
e.g : a. The stars danced playfully in the moonlit sky.
b. The snow covered up the grass with her great white cloak.