Monday, July 21, 2014

Figurative Language



Simile, Metaphor and personification
 Observe the following sentences.

  1. Here and there over the grass stood beautiful flowers like stars.
In this sentence “flowers are compared to stars” such a comparison using ‘like’ and  ‘as’ is called ‘simile’.
e.g :       a. He roared like a lion.
b. Her face is as white as snow.

  1. Life is a journey. Enjoy the ride.
In the above sentence the word ‘journey’ is used to describe/compare the word ‘life’.  Such words are called ‘metaphor’. They are used to show that two things have same qualities. They make the description more powerful.
e.g :       a. Rudramadevi was a lioness in battle.
b. Her home was a prison.

  1. Spring has forgotten his garden.
Here, though ‘spring’ is a season, it is represented as a human being and given the qualities of forgetting etc. Such usage in literature is called ‘personification’.
e.g :       a. The stars danced playfully in the moonlit sky.
b. The snow covered up the grass with her great white cloak.

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