Friday, May 30, 2014

Rendezvous with Ray - Vocabulary



Vocabulary
I. Read the following passage and notice the underlined words.

It was a Sunday evening. It was already dark. We wanted to watch the film 'Gajani'.
We had a square meal and came out. There were no lights. There was a power cut. It was pitch dark. It was bitterly cold. We looked here and there.....

The word pairs 'square meal', 'pitch dark' and 'bitterly cold' are found together. That means they co-occur. Such co-occuring words or word combinations are called collocations
(co + locate = collocate). These expressions are natural.

Let us look at another example.
We Say
We don't say
Ride a motor cycle
Drive a motor cycle

Read the following paragraph and fill in the blanks with the word that collocates with the underlined words or phrases.

standing         fitting              outstanding               thunderous

We were all eyes to see the film 'Animals Forever'. We liked the film and wanted to honour the cast in a _____________________ manner. Avinash, the hero was full of life with his  ______________________ performance was admired by everyone. The producer said that due credit should be given to all. As the troupe of artists entered the stadium, there was ____________________ clapping. The stadium with packed audience honoured the artists with a __________________________ ovation.

standing         fitting              outstanding               thunderous

The venue of the celebration was ‘Ravindra Bharathi’, Hyderabad. It was the 100 day’s celebration of the film ‘Animals Forever’. Avinash, the hero, was full of life with his _________________ performance in the film. He was admired by everyone. In fact, he was considered to be the main reason for the success of the film. The resonated with __________________ clapping when he came on to the dais. The auditorium with packed audience honoured him with a __________________ ovation. The producer felicitated everyone in the unit in a ___________________ manner. The event was momentous and unforgettable.

II) One-word substitutes
'Rendezvous' is a one-word substitute for 'a meeting place'.
You can work in groups and pick out similar one-word substitutes from the text equivalent to the meanings given below:
  1. A short stay between two places in one's journey.
  2. A person who brings out new books.
  3. A group of three films that has the same characters or subject.
  4. An impressive entrance to a building.
  5. A person who tries to make something less good by criticising it.
  6. A person who is extremely important or large in size.
  7. A person who is responsible for a problem or a crime.
  8. A hand written document.
  9. A statement that expresses something people believe is true and is to be followed.
  10. A quality of having full of words.
  11. Something designed to teach people some moral.
  12. A person who is not sure about the existence of God.
  13. A branch of philosophy that studies the principles of beauty in art.
  14. A result of a situation or of an action.
  15. A film that gives facts about something.

III) In the lesson ' Rendezvous with Ray' we come across certain words / expressions that are not from English. e.g.: en route. This means 'on the way'. These expressions are taken from languages like Latin, Greek, and Portuguese and so on. There are certain instances where these expressions are used in English perhaps because of their precision in meaning. Some of them along with their meanings are given below...
  1. en masse = all together, in large numbers.
  2. viva voce = a spoken exam
  3. in toto = totally
  4. alma mater = mother of the soul (school or university)
  5. ex officio = included because of the rank or job
  6. in absentia = in the absence
  7. de tour = a longer route we take to avoid a danger
  8. verbatim = word for word, exactly as spoken or written
  9. status quo = situation as it is now
  10. ad hoc = not planned in advance
  11. bona fide = genuine, real or legal
  12. lingua franca = link language
  13. magnum opus = the greatest work
  14. sine die = indefinitely

Read the following paragraph and fill in the blanks with appropriate expressions given in the list above.
Children for Films

Children across the state requested the officials to conduct children's film festivals more often. They submitted a memorandum to the Secretary in Hyderabad in this regard.

They requested that before a permanent body for this purpose is in place, an _____________ committee should be formed to serve the purpose. They wanted the committee to be led by a department official as an ___________________ president. The committee should conduct a written exam along with a _____________ to identify student representatives at mandal, district and state level to strengthen the culture of film festivals among the children. The _______________ of the students should be verified for such identification. Their requisition sought the screening of at least a _________________ of a director every year. The officials conceded to the request ___________________ . The children were thrilled to bits on this.

Children for Films
On the 14th November, on the occasion of children’s day, the children across the state requested the officials to conduct children’s film festivals more often. They submitted a memorandum to the Secretary to the Government in Hyderabad in this regard.

            The Government conceded to the request and came out with a proposal to set up an _________________ committee to serve the purpose before a permanent body is in place. It was proposed by the Government that the committee would be led by a department official as an ___________________ president. The committee should conduct a written exam along with a _________________ to identify student representatives at mandal, district and state level to strengthen the culture of film festivals among the children. The _______________ of the students should be verified for such identification. The proposal made the screening of at least a ________________ of a director mandatory every year. The children were thrilled to bits on this.

IV. In the previous classes we learnt how the words form with the help of prefixes and suffixes. Now, we will learn another aspect of word formation i.e. through roots. In the lesson we have a word 'agnostic' which is formed out of the root 'gnos' that means 'to know'. When the prefix 'a-' is added to the root 'gnos', we have the word 'agnostic'.
(a) Given are some prefixes, roots and suffixes. Form words using them and write their meanings.
Sl.No
Prefix
Root
Suffix
Word
Meaning
1
dia (across)
gnos (to know)
- is
diagnosis

2
ante (before)
bellum(war)
_ _ _


3
bene (good)
dictio (saying)
-ion


4
pro (forward)
gress (move)
_ _ _


5
a (no)
theos(god)
-ist


6
mono (one)
arch (rule
-y


7
per (very)
vert(to turn)
_ _ _


8
intro (within)
spect (to look)
-ion


9
bi (two)
oculus (eye)
-ar


10
poly (many)
morph (form)
-ism




(b) Analyse the following words in terms of the prefixes, roots and suffixes and their meanings.

Sl.No.
Word
Meaning
Prefix
Root
Suffix
1
pantheist




2
speculation




3
dictionary




4
diameter




5
introvert




6
prognosis




7
anarchy




8
insecticide




9
regress




10
bimorph





(c) Think of some words that begin and end with the following prefixes and suffixes.
Prefixes:             dis-,       bi-,         pro-,      pre-
Suffixes:             -cide,     -tion,     -ist,        -logy

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