Tuesday, March 18, 2014

A Long Walk to Freedom (Grammar)

Defining Relative Clause
Read the following sentences and notice the underlined parts.
  1. The man who takes away another man’s freedom is a prisoner.

  1. The people followed the principles that Mandela advocated.

  • As you perhaps know, the clauses underlined above are called adjectival clauses because they qualify the noun in the preceding clause.
  • In  (1) we  are  able  to  identify who  the man  is with  the  help  of  the information contained in the clause, who takes another man’s freedom. Similarly, the identity of the principles is revealed by the clause, that Mandela advocated.  Without these clauses the listeners will not be able to know who the man is and which principles  they are. Who in (1) refers to the man and that in (2) refers to the principles. These words in these sentences are Relative pronouns.
  • The Adjectival clauses are also called Defining Relative Clauses because they help  to define  the person or  the object referred to. 
  • The whole expression  containing the noun phrase and the Relative Clause now acts like a single noun phrase.
Pick out  the Defining Relative Clauses and the noun phrases they define from the text. Fill in the table given below. One is done for you.

Sl. No.
Relative clauses
Relative pronoun used
Noun phrase that the relative pronoun defines
who attempted to live as a human being
a man of colour




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